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FIDIC Orange Book: What You Need to Know About This International Standard for Design-Build and Turnkey Projects


- The allocation of risks and responsibilities between the employer and the contractor - The payment arrangements and variations - The dispute resolution mechanism H2: What are the benefits of using the FIDIC Orange Book? - The advantages of single-point responsibility and turnkey delivery - The flexibility and adaptability of the contract to different projects and contexts - The international recognition and acceptance of the FIDIC standards H2: What are the challenges of using the FIDIC Orange Book? - The potential drawbacks of less control and involvement by the employer - The need for clear and comprehensive employer's requirements - The importance of proper management and supervision of the contractor's performance H2: How to download the FIDIC Orange Book PDF? - The official sources and prices of the FIDIC Orange Book PDF - The alternative sources and formats of the FIDIC Orange Book PDF - The precautions and tips for downloading the FIDIC Orange Book PDF H1: Conclusion - A summary of the main points and takeaways from the article H1: FAQs - Five unique questions and answers related to the topic # Article with HTML formatting What is the FIDIC Orange Book?




If you are involved in a design-build or turnkey project, you may have heard of the FIDIC Orange Book. But what exactly is it and why should you care?




fidic orange book pdf download



The FIDIC Orange Book is a set of conditions of contract for design-build and turnkey projects, published by the International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC). FIDIC is an international organization that represents the interests of engineering consultants and promotes best practices in engineering projects.


The FIDIC Orange Book was first published in 1995, as a response to the growing demand for contracts that cover both design and construction aspects of a project. It is intended for use on projects where tenders are invited on an international basis, but it can also be adapted for domestic contracts with minor modifications.


The FIDIC Orange Book defines design-build as "the provision by a single Contractor (or a consortium or joint venture) of works which include both design (including civil, mechanical, electrical etc) and construction". It defines turnkey as "the provision by a single Contractor (or a consortium or joint venture) of works which include both design (including civil, mechanical, electrical etc) and construction as well as fixtures, fittings, equipment or other facilities required for operation".


The FIDIC Orange Book aims to provide a balanced and fair contract that allocates risks and responsibilities between the employer (the party who initiates and finances the project) and the contractor (the party who designs and builds the project). It also provides guidance for the preparation of particular conditions that suit the specific needs and circumstances of each project.


What are the main features of the FIDIC Orange Book?




The FIDIC Orange Book consists of four parts:



  • Part I: General Conditions, which contain 20 clauses that cover general aspects such as definitions, interpretation, communications, subcontracting, design, tests, defects, payment, termination, etc.



  • Part II: Guidance for the Preparation of Particular Conditions, which provide suggestions and examples for modifying or supplementing Part I to suit each project.



  • Part III: Forms of Tender and Agreement, which provide templates for tendering and contracting.



  • Part IV: Model Terms of an Appointment for a Dispute Adjudication Board, which provide terms for appointing an independent board to resolve disputes arising from the contract.



Some of the main features of the FIDIC Orange Book are:


The scope of works and services covered by the contract




The FIDIC Orange Book covers the design, construction, commissioning, and testing of the works, as well as the provision of any fixtures, fittings, equipment, or other facilities required for operation. The contractor is responsible for providing all these works and services in accordance with the employer's requirements, which are specified in the contract documents.


The employer's requirements may include drawings, specifications, standards, codes of practice, performance criteria, functional requirements, etc. The contractor is obliged to comply with these requirements and to notify the employer of any errors, inconsistencies, or ambiguities in them. The contractor is also obliged to obtain all necessary permits, licenses, and approvals for the execution of the works.


The allocation of risks and responsibilities between the employer and the contractor




The FIDIC Orange Book allocates risks and responsibilities between the employer and the contractor based on the principle of single-point responsibility. This means that the contractor assumes full responsibility for the design and construction of the works, as well as for any defects or failures that may occur during or after completion. The employer, on the other hand, assumes full responsibility for providing accurate and complete employer's requirements, as well as for paying the contract price in accordance with the payment schedule.


The FIDIC Orange Book also defines the circumstances under which either party may be entitled to claim additional time or money from the other party. These include force majeure events, variations, changes in law, unforeseeable physical conditions, delays by authorities, etc. The contract also specifies the procedures and conditions for making and evaluating such claims.


The payment arrangements and variations




The FIDIC Orange Book provides two alternative methods for determining the contract price: lump sum or remeasurement. Under the lump sum method, the contract price is fixed and agreed upon before the commencement of the works, based on a bill of quantities or a schedule of rates. Under the remeasurement method, the contract price is calculated after the completion of the works, based on the actual quantities and rates measured on site.


The contract also provides for interim payments to be made by the employer to the contractor as the works progress. The contractor is required to submit monthly statements showing the value of work done and any other amounts due. The employer is required to pay these amounts within a specified period after receiving them.


The contract also allows for variations to be made to the works or services by either party. Variations may include changes in quantity, quality, sequence, timing, location, etc. The contractor is required to execute any variations instructed by the employer, unless they are unreasonable or impossible. The employer is required to pay for any variations that increase the cost or time of the works.


The dispute resolution mechanism




The FIDIC Orange Book provides a three-tiered dispute resolution mechanism that aims to resolve disputes amicably and expeditiously. The first tier is consultation between the parties' representatives. The second tier is referral to a dispute adjudication board (DAB), which consists of one or three independent experts appointed by mutual agreement or by FIDIC. The DAB is required to give its decision within a specified period after receiving a referral. The third tier is arbitration under the rules of an arbitration institution agreed by the parties or appointed by FIDIC.


What are the benefits of using the FIDIC Orange Book?




Some of the benefits of using the FIDIC Orange Book are:


The advantages of single-point responsibility and turnkey delivery




By using the FIDIC Orange Book, the employer can benefit from having a single contractor who is responsible for delivering a fully functional project that meets its requirements. This can reduce the complexity and risk of managing multiple contractors and consultants, as well as avoid potential conflicts or gaps in design and construction. The employer can also benefit from having a fixed price and time for completion, which can facilitate budgeting and planning.


The flexibility and adaptability of the contract to different projects and contexts




By using the FIDIC Orange Book, both parties can benefit from having a contract that can be tailored to suit different types and sizes of projects, as well as different legal and cultural environments. The contract provides guidance for modifying or supplementing its general conditions to address specific issues or needs that may arise in each project. The contract also allows for variations to be made during execution to accommodate changes in circumstances or requirements.


The international recognition and acceptance of the FIDIC standards




What are the challenges of using the FIDIC Orange Book?




Some of the challenges of using the FIDIC Orange Book are:


The potential drawbacks of less control and involvement by the employer




By using the FIDIC Orange Book, the employer may face some drawbacks of having less control and involvement in the design and construction process. The employer may have to rely on the contractor's expertise and judgment to deliver a project that meets its expectations and needs. The employer may also have to accept some limitations or compromises in terms of quality, functionality, or aesthetics. The employer may also have to deal with any defects or failures that may arise after completion, which may be difficult or costly to rectify.


The need for clear and comprehensive employer's requirements




By using the FIDIC Orange Book, the employer has to provide clear and comprehensive employer's requirements that define the scope, specifications, standards, and performance criteria of the project. The employer has to ensure that these requirements are accurate, consistent, and complete, and that they reflect its objectives and expectations. The employer also has to update these requirements as necessary to reflect any changes or variations that may occur during execution. The employer has to bear the risk and cost of any errors, inconsistencies, or ambiguities in these requirements.


The importance of proper management and supervision of the contractor's performance




By using the FIDIC Orange Book, the employer has to monitor and supervise the contractor's performance throughout the design and construction process. The employer has to verify that the contractor complies with the contract terms and conditions, as well as with any applicable laws and regulations. The employer also has to review and approve any documents, drawings, tests, or certificates submitted by the contractor. The employer also has to inspect and test the works at various stages of completion, and notify the contractor of any defects or non-conformities. The employer also has to manage any claims or disputes that may arise from the contract.


How to download the FIDIC Orange Book PDF?




If you are interested in downloading the FIDIC Orange Book PDF, you have several options to choose from:


The official sources and prices of the FIDIC Orange Book PDF




The official source of the FIDIC Orange Book PDF is the FIDIC website (https://fidic.org/books). You can purchase and download the PDF version of the book from there for 195 EUR (or 40 EUR for members). You can also order a hardcopy version of the book for 195 EUR (or 40 EUR for members) plus shipping costs.


The official source of the FIDIC Orange Book PDF is also available from some online bookstores such as Amazon (https://www.amazon.com) or Google Play (https://play.google.com). You can purchase and download the PDF version of the book from there for different prices depending on your location and currency.


The alternative sources and formats of the FIDIC Orange Book PDF




The alternative source of the FIDIC Orange Book PDF is some unofficial websites that offer free or discounted downloads of the book. However, these websites may not be authorized or reliable, and they may pose some risks such as viruses, malware, or copyright infringement. You should exercise caution and discretion when using these websites.


The alternative format of the FIDIC Orange Book PDF is some other electronic formats such as EPUB or MOBI that can be read on different devices such as e-readers, tablets, or smartphones. However, these formats may not preserve the original layout or formatting of the book, and they may not be compatible with some software or applications. You should check the compatibility and quality of these formats before downloading them.


The precautions and tips for downloading the FIDIC Orange Book PDF




Some of the precautions and tips for downloading the FIDIC Orange Book PDF are:



  • Make sure you have a stable and secure internet connection.



  • Make sure you have enough storage space on your device or computer.



  • Make sure you have a compatible software or application to open and read the PDF file.



  • Make sure you have a valid payment method if you are purchasing from an official source.



  • Make sure you have a backup copy of your downloaded file in case of loss or damage.



  • Make sure you respect the intellectual property rights and terms of use of the FIDIC Orange Book PDF.



Conclusion




The FIDIC Orange Book is a set of conditions of contract for design-build and turnkey projects, published by the International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC). It is intended for use on projects where tenders are invited on an international basis, but it can also be adapted for domestic contracts with minor modifications.


The FIDIC Orange Book provides a balanced and fair contract that allocates risks and responsibilities between the employer and the contractor based on the principle of single-point responsibility. It also provides guidance for the preparation of particular conditions that suit the specific needs and circumstances of each project.


The FIDIC Orange Book offers some benefits such as the advantages of single-point responsibility and turnkey delivery, the flexibility and adaptability of the contract to different projects and contexts, and the international recognition and acceptance of the FIDIC standards. It also poses some challenges such as the potential drawbacks of less control and involvement by the employer, the need for clear and comprehensive employer's requirements, and the importance of proper management and supervision of the contractor's performance.


The FIDIC Orange Book PDF can be downloaded from various sources and formats, but some precautions and tips should be followed to ensure a safe and successful download.


FAQs




What is the difference between the FIDIC Orange Book and the FIDIC Silver Book?




The FIDIC Orange Book and the FIDIC Silver Book are both conditions of contract for design-build and turnkey projects, but they have some differences. The FIDIC Orange Book was published in 1995, while the FIDIC Silver Book was published in 1999. The FIDIC Orange Book is more flexible and adaptable, while the FIDIC Silver Book is more rigid and standardized. The FIDIC Orange Book allocates more risks to the employer, while the FIDIC Silver Book allocates more risks to the contractor. The FIDIC Orange Book is suitable for projects with moderate complexity and risk, while the FIDIC Silver Book is suitable for projects with high complexity and risk.


How to use the FIDIC Orange Book for a domestic contract?




The FIDIC Orange Book can be used for a domestic contract with minor modifications. The parties should review Part I: General Conditions and Part II: Guidance for the Preparation of Particular Conditions, and make any necessary changes or additions to suit their local laws, regulations, customs, practices, etc. The parties should also agree on Part III: Forms of Tender and Agreement, and Part IV: Model Terms of an Appointment for a Dispute Adjudication Board, or use their own forms or terms if they prefer.


How to modify or supplement the FIDIC Orange Book for a specific project?




The parties can modify or supplement the FIDIC Orange Book for a specific project by using Part II: Guidance for the Preparation of Particular Conditions. This part provides suggestions and examples for modifying or supplementing Part I: General Conditions to address specific issues or needs that may arise in each project. The parties should also prepare their own employer's requirements, which define the scope, specifications, standards, and performance criteria of the project.


How to resolve disputes arising from the FIDIC Orange Book?




The parties can resolve disputes arising from the FIDIC Orange Book by using Part I: General Conditions Clause 20: Settlement of Disputes. This clause provides a three-tiered dispute resolution mechanism that aims to resolve disputes amicably and expeditiously. The first tier is consultation between the parties' representatives. The second tier is referral to a dispute adjudication board (DAB), which consists of one or three independent experts appointed by mutual agreement or by FIDIC. The DAB is required to give its decision within a specified period after receiving a referral. The third tier is arbitration under the rules of an arbitration institution agreed by the parties or appointed by FIDIC.


How to download other FIDIC books PDF?




offer free or discounted downloads of the books. However, these websites may not be authorized or reliable, and they may pose some risks such as viruses, malware, or copyright infringement. You should exercise caution and discretion when using these websites.


The alternative format of other FIDIC books PDF is some other electronic formats such as EPUB or MOBI that can be read on different devices such as e-readers, tablets, or smartphones. However, these formats may not preserve the original layout or formatting of the books, and they may not be compatible with some software or applications. You should check the compatibility and quality of these formats before downloading them.


Some of the precautions and tips for downloading other FIDIC books PDF are:



  • Make sure you have a stable and secure internet connection.



  • Make sure you have enough storage space on your device or computer.



  • Make sure you have a compatible software or application to open and read the PDF file.



  • Make sure you have a valid payment method if you are purchasing from an official source.



  • Make sure you have a backup copy of your downloaded file in case of loss or damage.



  • Make sure you respect the intellectual property rights and terms of use of other FIDIC books PDF.



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